Important Points on Fundamental Rights for UPSC

Important Points on Fundamental Rights for UPSC

In the civil services examination, Indian Polity is one of the important subjects from where questions are asked in both prelims and mains examination. There are multiple topics in the Indian Polity which are too important to be missed by the aspiring candidates of the IAS Exam. Fundamental Rights of the citizens are one such important topic that has to be well-prepared for the examination. This article will discuss the importance of the topic and how to study it for the civil services examination. 

Many questions can be asked in the examination from different topics of the Indian Polity subject. Questions from Fundamental Rights are also asked in the previous years’ question papers. There are 6 fundamental rights which a candidate should be well-versed in. Read on to know about these rights.

Six Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens

In the Constitution of India, Article 12-35 mentions the following rights:

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right against Exploitation
  4. Right to Freedom of Religion
  5. Cultural and Educational Rights
  6. Right to Constitutional Remedy

A UPSC aspirant should learn important facts about all the above mentioned rights by-heart. This way, they can answer any question asked in prelims and mains examination of civil services. 

What to know about Fundamental Rights for IAS Exam

Not everything is important for the IAS Exam. It is important that a candidate must know how to differentiate a useful fact from a non-useful one. Also, just like these rights, aspirants should also learn about the Fundamental Duties mentioned in the Indian Constitution. The following points will help you know how to approach the citizens’ rights topics for the exam:

  1. Know the important articles associated with Fundamental Rights – Article 12-35 contains the rights conferred on the Indian citizens. Each right is guided by an article or a set of articles in the Indian Constitution. A candidate must know which Indian article deals with what human right. 
  2. Know the concept of these rights – Why are these rights called fundamental? A candidate must learn the difference between a legal and a right that is fundamental in nature. 
  3. Types of rights – Each set of fundamental rights have sub-types and a candidate should know about those. For example, rights to equality are of different types like natural quality, social equality, civic equality, political equality, legal equality and economic quality. Similarly, for other rights an aspirant should know the types (if any.)
  4. Know the features – Know about the legal enforceability of these rights. How a Supreme Court plays a role in implementing these rights should be known to the UPSC candidates. 
  5. Accessibility and availability of these rights – There are rights that are only available for the Indian citizens and are not conferred on the foreigners. A UPSC candidate should be well known to these rights as many times questions from this section are expected in IAS Prelims question paper. 
  6. Importance – Importance of these main rights of the Indian citizens should be read by the aspirants. Why do we call these rights fundamental and why do these rights are an important subset to a citizens’ existence are important to be read. 
  7. Amendability of Fundamental Rights – In Indian Polity, it is important to know about the basic structure of the Indian constitution and how these rights are a part of it. From the Indian polity perspective, it makes an important topic in the examination.


The Indian Polity is one of the important subjects in the IAS Exam from where almost 20-25 questions are expected each year. Fundamental Rights is one of the important topics in this subject as it is widely discussed in the society through different channels.

Aspirants should practise past year question papers to know how questions have been asked before and accordingly prepare for the prelims examination that is going to take place on 4th October.


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