Hyperventilation is a condition that manifests itself in a sudden, marked acceleration in respiratory rate (excessive breathing), leading to an imbalance between inhaled oxygen and exhaled carbon dioxide.
This leads to a sharp drop in the level of carbon dioxide in the body, which can lead to a contraction of the blood vessels (vasoconstriction) that supply the brain with blood.
This is manifested by various symptoms such as dizziness, dizziness, or tingling in the fingers.
Severe hyperventilation then leads to loss of consciousness.
Under normal circumstances, hyperventilation is very rare, for example, in a panic emotional response to a strong stressful stimulus (extreme fear) or response to certain diseases or the use of addictive substances or drugs.
However, in some people, hyperventilation occurs frequently and quite commonly in response to emotional states such as depression, anxiety, or anger.
In this case, we speak of the so-called hyperventilation syndrome.
Causes of hyperventilation
There are many hyperventilation causes, with anxiety, panic, nervousness, or severe stress being the most common triggers for hyperventilation. Hyperventilation most often occurs during a so-called panic attack (a seizure of a strong emotional reaction in which some people respond to a more or less strong stress stimulus).
While in some people, a panic attack occurs only under extreme stress (for example, when life is threatened or in a situation where we witness a violent crime), in others, a trigger for a panic attack and hyperventilation can be a completely “banal” thing, such as a meeting with a stranger or a meeting at the office.
Everyone just has it differently and is reluctant to laugh at anyone or take these seizures lightly.
Other causes of hyperventilation include, but are not limited to:
- use of stimulants and addictive substances
- drug overdose (e.g., acetylsalicylic acid overdose)
- severe pain
- pneumonia or other adverse chronic lung diseases, such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or asthma
- heart disease (e.g., myocardial infarction)
- diabetic ketoacidosis (complications occurring in patients with type 1 diabetes, with a sharp rise in blood glucose – hyperglycemia)
- head injuries
- stay at high altitudes (above 2500 m)
- hyperventilation syndrome
Symptoms of hyperventilation and when to seek medical attention?
Hyperventilation can be a severe condition, and its symptoms can last for 20-30 minutes.
You should explore medical attention as soon as possible if you notice the following symptoms:
- rapid and deep breathing that occurs for the first time and is not associated with apparent physical exertion or is entirely inadequate to the situation
- feeling anxious, nervous, or tense
- frequent yawning or sighing
- palpitations or a sharp rise in heart rate
- balance problems, dizziness or dizziness
- tingling in the hands, feet, fingers or around the mouth
- feeling of pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest or between the shoulder blades
Other symptoms of hyperventilation include, but are not limited to:
- flatulence, bloating, gagging, barking
- muscle fasciculations (involuntary twitching of muscles, usually on the limbs or face)
- heavy sweating
- changes in vision quality (tunnel, double or blurred vision )
- concentration or memory problems
- loss of consciousness (fainting)
If any of the above symptoms occur repeatedly, tell your doctor. In this case, it may be the so-called hyperventilation syndrome. We don’t know much about its causes, but it has similar symptoms to panic disorder and is often misdiagnosed by doctors as asthma.
Treatment of hyperventilation
The main principle in acute hyperventilation is to keep calm. This is simple to say but difficult to do, but hyperventilation can be managed quite well if you follow the precautions below try Fildena 100 and Fildena 150 to improve libido.
The treatment goal is to slow down breathing to an acceptable level and thus increase the level of carbon dioxide in the body.
How to quickly help at home?
Ideally, there is someone else to help and advise you during a hyperventilation attack, but if you are alone, try the following tips:
- Take a paper bag and slowly exhale into it so that it only swells quickly. If you do not have a paper bag, you can start exhaling slowly into the clasped palms attached to your mouth, or first leave the exhaled air in your mouth for a while and inflate your face with it, and then slowly exhale it through your pursed lips.
- Hold your breath for a while (10-15 seconds) before each exhalation
- Try to exhale alternately through one and the other nostril. Cover your mouth and left nostril and focus on exhaling through the right (exposed) nostril. Then cover your mouth and right nostril and exhale through the left nostril. Repeat this procedure until the respiratory rate returns to normal.
- Learn to breathe in the abdomen (diaphragmatic breathing), which you will use in a hyperventilation attack and commonly.
- Sometimes, a brisk walk, exercise, or run can also help, where you have to pay attention to inhaling and exhaling through your nose, not through your mouth.
Treatment at the doctor
If the above procedures do not help, it is necessary to seek medical help as soon as possible (it is advisable to call an ambulance or have someone do it for you – you will receive professional service and, if necessary, a quick transfer to the hospital).
In particular, sedatives used in psychiatry, such as benzodiazepines (e.g., alprazolam) or antidepressants (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants or serotonin reuptake inhibitors – SSRIs) are used in the treatment of hyperventilation.
However, these drugs should only be used when necessary and on prescription only. Any self-medication can make your condition worse.
According to some preliminary studies, acupuncture may also help treat hyperventilation that does not respond to the above measures.
However, before using acupuncture in the treatment of hyperventilation, further studies are needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this method safely.
Consultations with a psychologist or psychiatrist are an integral part of the treatment of hyperventilation.
It is essential to determine what triggers hyperventilation in the patient and teach him to work with his anxieties, phobias, or fears so that the frequency of seizures is reduced to a minimum.
Various stress relief techniques are used for this.
Prevention of hyperventilation
Sometimes, it is impossible to prevent hyperventilation, but following some guidelines and practicing appropriate relaxation and breathing techniques will help you reduce your risk to an acceptable minimum get Fildena 120 or vigora 100 to get best erection.
It is essential to find out what causes hyperventilation and to learn to avoid these situations in the future.
It is also advisable to learn proper relaxation and breathing techniques, such as:
- relaxation exercises such as tai chi or yoga
- diaphragmatic breathing
- nasal breathing (with alternating exhalation through the right and left nostrils)
Regular physical activity (walking, running, cycling) also helps prevent hyperventilation.